Social Media’s Impact On Your Brand: The Good, The Bad and The Ugly

A few years ago, I complained on Twitter about a fee I had incurred on my bank account. If I had called my bank’s customer service line to complain, I would have waited in a queue for a while, then a customer service agent would have listened to my complaint and then told me exactly why the fee I incurred was completely my fault and they could do nothing about it.

Of course, I wouldn’t have called the customer service line, because I didn’t have a valid complaint. I was just irritated about the inconvenience of having accidentally incurred a fee, and I tossed off a comment the same way I would to a group of friends. But Twitter is a lot more than a group of friends. As a result, my bank saw the tweet, their social media team telephoned me and they offered to remove the fee. I was gobsmacked. It wasn’t anything I expected or would have asked for, but there it was.

For the price of that fee, though, they got me thinking, “Wow, my bank really cares about their customers.” And they got me to tweet something to that effect as soon as I got off the phone with them.

Compare it to Dave Carroll’s famous United Breaks Guitars. United Airlines learned that the cost of replacing Carroll’s guitar would have been worth avoiding all that bad publicity.

This is the power of social media. You can use it to respond quickly to complaints and garner good will amongst your customers, or it can be used against you to amplify your failings.

Employee engagement expert and award-winning author Bob Kelleher sent us an article called “The Good, Bad, and Ugly – Social Media’s Impact on your Brand.” In it, he talks about ‘tri-branding,’ which is when companies use social media to link both product and employment brand, and to get their customers to sing their praises or live their brand. He also provides insights and examples of how ‘tri-branding’ can be both helpful and destructive to a brand. Check it out:

The Good, Bad, and Ugly – Social Media’s Impact on your Brand
by Bob Kelleher

There’s no denying that social media has taken the world by storm. Facebook, LinkedIn, and Twitter boast millions of users. Social media is a huge engagement, staffing, retention, and increasingly, branding tool. It’s at the foundation of what I call tri-branding. Tri-branding is when companies use social media to link both product and employment brand, and to get their customers to sing their praises or live their brand.

The Good

Companies need to proactively leverage social media to drive their tri-branding efforts. Companies should be leveraging social media to boost brand via tweeting, posting, and blogging. Posting recent wins, new products or services, job openings, key promotions and hires, and press releases are all opportunities to brand who you are.

Tri-branding occurs when your customers promote you on your behalf. When keynoting, I often show a YouTube video of a Southwest airlines flight attendant singing a country song as part of her opening comments to fellow passengers to ‘buckle up.’ This YouTube Video has now been seen by millions of viewers. Think of the marketing and benefits of this example for Southwest Airlines. A customer on their own, branded Southwest’s product in a positive way, with Southwest being the beneficiary of millions of views. How much would it cost Southwest to proactively seek similar brand and the culture exposure? Another example of “The Good” within the airline industry is Cebu Pacific, an Asian airlines. Google them, and you’ll quickly see that they are also beneficiaries of Tri-branding, with their customer base uploading You Tube videos on their behalf, resulting in millions of views. Tri-branding is all about your customer base branding – and in fact, funding – your message. But think of the cost to Southwest or Cebu Pacific if they had negative cultures, or if a customer had a negative experience.

The Bad

Many companies are afraid of the realistic downside of social media (employees saying the wrong thing, badmouthing the employer, inadvertently sharing information publicly that should only be shared privately, customers saying negative things about their establishment, etc.). And their concern is often legitimate as employees and customers, along with other stakeholders, often say negative things about a brand – especially if they had a negative brand experience or if the brand has a toxic culture. Unless you take control of social media, you risk social media taking control of you.

To keep our case study examples within the airline industry, there is a well known customer service case study known simply as “United Breaks Guitars,” featuring Canadian musician Dave Carroll. While flying on United Airlines, a fellow passenger steers out the window after landing, and announces to those around him, including David, “look at those baggage handlers throwing that poor passengers’ guitar…” Sure enough, David’s guitar was broken. Attempting to seek reimbursement from United, he faced a mountain of bureaucracy and denials and, ultimately, a rejection. So he decided to take matters into his own hands by writing a song simply titled, “United Breaks Guitars” and proceeded to upload the video on YouTube. At last count, “United Breaks Guitars” has close to 13 million views. Opportunistic Mr. Carroll has even appeared on most of the national media outlets, released follow up videos, saw an increase in his recording business, and even published his first book! And oh, United ultimately offered an apology, reimbursement, and now includes “United Breaks Guitars” as a customer service training video.

The Ugly

Subway customer Matt Corby from Australia was innocently eating the fast food chain’s signature “Foot Long” sub, when he noticed that the sandwich appeared smaller than advertised. He simply measured the sandwich, and discovered it was 11 inches long. So he decided to post a photo of his discovery on Subway’s Facebook page, positioning his sub next to a tape measure along with the message “subway pls respond.” Mr. Corby’s photo was seen by thousands of Subway customers, and even resulted in copycat photos all over the social networking site, including one featuring a sandwich compared to a human foot in a sock. Subway had a PR nightmare on it’s hands, and had to respond accordingly. Remarkably, some disgruntled Subway customers even filed lawsuits against the fast food chain, claiming false advertising.

That is where we are with social media today – it’s not going away. When I address audiences, I remind them that once upon a time, we would lock our rotary telephones so employees wouldn’t ‘steal’ company resources by calling their relatives or friends with the 800 telephone line. I also recall the head of legal storming into my office exclaiming, “You’re not really going to allow our employees to have access to email, are you? They’ll steal our intellectual property.” As we reflect back today, it is rather ridiculous to think about these former ‘concerns.’

If you’re not embracing and leveraging social media, chances are the external world already is. Your social media stakeholders include former employees, applicants, customers and clients, vendors, the media, and even the government. Sites such as are increasingly becoming popular with departing employees who feel their companies did not treat them fairly. One of the fastest growing sites, for example, provides individuals with their social media ‘ranking.’ In the future, instead of asking employees what their credit ranking is, they might ask for their Klout ranking.

Social media is the world where Gen Y lives, and if companies want to engage and communicate with this generation, they MUST embrace social media. How? By creating their own You Tube channels where Gen Y employees and customers can learn of the firm’s values and culture. Employers should ask their employees to join LinkedIn groups to share job opportunities. Firms should identify their most ‘connected’ employees and ask if they would be interested in being brand ambassadors, and tweet new products and or services, advertise new developments, post new positions, etc. Employers will increasingly want to hire employees who are connected as branding increasingly will be an opportunity to involve your most socially connected employees – while engaging them at the same time.

Social media should be used to further leverage one’s employer value proposition (EVP). When I work with new clients, the first thing I do is to help them define who they are. Why do people stay with their company? Why do people want to work for their company? Who are their stars and what are the common behaviors and traits their stars possess? To reinforce this concept of tri-branding, I often ask them a simple question: What do BMW, Apple, and Southwest Airlines have in common? They all are exceptional at linking employment and product brand. Apple hires the most creative people to make the most creative products. BMW hires people who are driving enthusiasts to build the ultimate driving machine. Southwest Airlines hires people who have “fun” in their DNA. In fact, these three companies also excel at tri- branding. In addtition to linking both product and employment brand, they also amazingly get their customers to sing their praises or live their brand. For instance, I’m a Droid user, and I continue to be amazed at the number of iPhone friends who take delight at “trumping” my Droid apps with their own Apple apps. They’re actually living the Apple brand. Tri-branding is an amazing opportunity to leverage social media as your brand accelerator.

Thanks to Bob Kelleher for the food for thought!

Has social media helped or hurted your business? Let us know in the comments below!

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Vincenzo Ravina is a writer, journalist and giraffe enthusiast from Halifax, Nova Scotia. You can learn more at his website,, or follow him on Twitter at @RavinaSBT.

One thought on “Social Media’s Impact On Your Brand: The Good, The Bad and The Ugly

  1. Judi Hembrough

    These are some interesting thoughts on branding and social media. Thanks Bob and Vincenzo for sharing. I agree that social media can bring the good, the bad and the ugly right to the front door of a small business, and despite the potential pitfalls, it’s time for small businesses to jump on the bandwagon. To successfully develop a social media presence, I recommend starting small. Find out where your current and potential customers hang out online and start with the most popular social network. Limiting the conversation to the most popular platform, like Facebook or even maybe even a LinkedIn group, prevents a small business from spreading itself too thin. I’ve compiled some tips on social media for small business here: Social media is a great way to cultivate customer relationships, learn about what your customers want or maybe even gather votes for local small business awards.


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